IVF – In vitro fertilization

In vitro fertilization is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body.

ICSI – Intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is an in vitro fertilization procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg.

IMSI – Intracytoplasmic morphologically-selected sperm injection

Intracytoplasmic morphologically-selected sperm injection is a laboratory technique used in IVF treatments, it involves inserting sperm into the egg that is morphologically selected.

This is done using an inverted microscope that is able to provide a much greater magnifying power in order to see the internal morphology of sperm and discard those with abnormalities. Being able to select sperm without morphological alterations are believed to increase the chances of successful implantation of pre-embryo and decrease the likelihood of miscarriage.


The use of blastocysts in in-vitro fertilization (IVF) involves culturing a fertilized egg for five days before implanting it into the uterus.

What are the Success Rates for IVF?

By federal law, all certified IVF laboratories in the United States are required to submit IVF success rate data on an annual basis to the Center for Disease Control.  Not all countries follow a strict reporting regulation.  This provides a great data pool for an overview of how often IVF is and the respective result in real life births.

Nature is not controlled by statistics and mathematics.  These numbers are only illustrated here to communicate that Assisted Reproduction is a realistic option with real results.

Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) Report 2013

Total Cycles
Number of cycles
Cycles resulting in pregnancies
Cycles resulting in live births
Avg. Nr. of embryos transferred
% of live births with twins
<35 35-37 38-40 41-42 43+
35958 18508 16853 9026 5744
46% 37,8% 28,6% 18,8% 8,9%
40,1% 31,4% 21,2% 11,2% 4,5%
1,8 1,9 2,3 2,7 2,8
28,3% 25,5% 19,9% 13,5% 8,2%

Using a Donor

Using donated eggs, sperm or embryos gives hetero-sexual couples, same-sex couples and single women their only chance to start their family.

Sperm Donation

The procedure involves sperm donated by someone you know, or someone recruited locally or from overseas.

Egg Donation

The procedure involves an egg donated by someone you know, or someone recruited locally or from overseas. In some cases patients come with a family member or friend who is willing to donate her eggs.

Embryo Donation

The procedure involves an embryo donation by someone you know, or someone recruited locally or from overseas. In some cases patients come with a family member or friend who are willing to donate their embryos.

Medical Testing Procedure of Donors

All our donors, whether they are recruited locally or overseas, undergo rigorous preparation for donation, including:

Medical Screening: Thorough medical history, including family and genetic history; tests for HIV, Hepatitis B & C, HTLV I & II, Syphilis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Chromosomes, Blood Group, Rhesus antibodies and full blood count.

Genetic testing: Performed to screen for cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease, and others depending on ethnic background.

Quarantine: All donors sperm is quarantined for 3 to 6 months, and donors are re-screened for HIV, Hepatitis B and C, HTLV I & II and syphilis prior to release for treatment.


Egg & Embryo Freezing

What is egg freezing?

Egg freezing is the method of storing a woman’s unfertilized eggs, with the view of them being used in the future. The eggs then undergo a freezing procedure called vitrification. When the woman is ready to use her eggs, they are thawed and then fertilized with sperm using in-vitro fertilization.

So if you want to have a child in the future, but have not had the opportunity during your most fertile years, then freezing your eggs for use in the future – when you have met the right partner, or are ready to start your family – may be an option for you.

What is embryo freezing?

During an in vitro fertilization cycle, the patient is administered ovulation induction drugs to ensure the production of multiple eggs during ovulation. However, not all eggs produced in an ovulation cycle are used in the fertility treatment cycle.

With the patient’s consent, the unused embryos are frozen and stored for later use. The patient can choose to use the frozen embryos themselves or donate them to another couple.



A surrogate carries the gift of life for another couple or individual. For some people, carrying their own baby through pregnancy is impossible and a surrogate offers their only hope of having a child.

In surrogacy, an embryo is created using an egg and sperm produced by the intending parent(s) (or donors), and is transferred into the surrogate’s uterus. The surrogate has no genetic link to the child. Her eggs cannot be used to conceive the child.

Surrogacy is a highly complex process, and there are many important steps to ensure that both parties make the best decisions – including extensive counseling, psychiatric assessment and independent legal advice.


Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGS)

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis or PGD is a technique of preventing certain inherited conditions from being passed on to a couple’s child. The process involves a thorough checking of the embryo’s genes during an IVF cycle.

This procedure is recommended under the following conditions:

The couple has had abortions in the past because the baby was found to have a genetic condition
The couple has a child or family history of serious genetic conditions

The embryo can be tested for more than 100 genetic conditions using PGD. If the genetic conditions mentioned in the above section are considered sufficiently serious, the clinic may be permitted to check the embryo for that condition.

Lack of data associated with PGD makes it difficult to assess success rates, but most couples using this procedure do it because they want to avoid their child from suffering a genetic disease, and not for any fertility problem.


Pre-implantation Genetic Screening (PGS)

The chromosomes of an embryo created in an IVF cycle are checked for any abnormalities. This prevents abnormal embryos from being transplanted into the uterus during the ICSI or IVF procedure. Chromosomal abnormalities in particular are one of the main reasons for embryos failing to get to the stages of implantation and conception, and consequently, miscarriages. They are also known to cause severe genetic conditions like Down’s syndrome.


Gender Selection

Gender selection, as the name suggests, is a system in which the parents can choose the gender of child. The most common and successful method of gender selection is PGD. Specialist doctors can examine the genetic makeup of the embryo to identify the gender and to find out if any genetic diseases have been transmitted.